The Synthesis and Characterization of Farnesene-Based Oligomers

Tuesday, October 11, 2016: 3:15 PM
Rm 303 (David L. Lawrence Convention Center )
Steven Henning and Taejun Yoo, Total Cray Valley, Exton, PA
A bio-based route to the production of trans-β-farnesene has recently been commercialized. Trans-β-farnesene is capable of being polymerized by both anionic and cationic pathways, creating low molecular weight polymers with structure-property relationships unique within the diene class of monomers.

 Trans-β-farnesene is produced through fermentation of sugar feedstocks. The pathway offers an alternative to petroleum-based feedstocks derived as by-products of naptha or ethane cracking. Anionic polymerization of the monomer produces a highly branched "bottle-brush" structure, with rheological properties that are markedly different than those of linear diene polymers. Specifically, a lack of entanglements is observed even at relatively high molar masses. For hydroxyl-terminated oligomers, Tg as a function of molar mass follows a trend opposite non-functional materials.

The synthesis and characterization of trans-β-farnesene-based polymers will be presented, including anionically prepared low molecular weight diols and monols.